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Marijuana Use Linked with Vomiting Cycles in Young Men

Researchers investigating marijuana use have discovered that use of the substance among young males is linked with cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS), a condition where patients experience episodes of vomiting separated by symptom free intervals.

A study conducted at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, New York looked at CVS patients and compared them with people with other conditions. One group of people had Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), whose symptoms include pain, fullness gas and bloating over more than 3 days. Another had functional vomiting (FV), which is which is recurrent vomiting that cannot be attributed to a specific physical or psychiatric cause.

The 13-year study of 226 patients included 82 CVS patients, 82 IBS Patients and 62 FV patients.

“Our study showed that CVS and FV had very similar clinical features, apart from marijuana use,” said Dr. G Richard Locke III from the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at the Clinic.

One of the differences between CVS and FV was retching, which was more common in patients with CVS (69% versus 31%), researchers said.

“Our study confirms that cyclic vomiting syndrome occurs most often in young males and is significantly associated with marijuana use, unlike functional vomiting” Locke said. “The current treatment options for this condition remain challenging and are limited by the lack of randomised controlled trials. Further research is clearly needed.”

The researchers outlined some study findings listed below:

  • Members of the CVS group were younger than members of the FV group (30 versus 36 years) and more likely to be male (53% versus 46%).

 

  • No statistically significant association was detected between membership of the CVS and FV groups and marital status, education level, body mass index, employment status, alcohol use or smoking history.

 

  • 37% of the CVS group had used marijuana (81% male), together with 13% of the FV group (equally split between male and female) and 11% of the IBS group (73% male).

 

  • Marijuana users were 2.9 times more likely to be in the CVS group than the FV group. When this was adjusted for age and gender, males using marijuana were 3.9 times more likely to be in the CVS group and women using marijuana were 1.2 times more likely.

SOURCE: medicaldaily.com

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LOADED CAULIFLOWER (LOW CARB, KETO), IT’S ULTIMATE IN LOW CARB COMFORT FOOD!

TRY THIS LOADED CAULIFLOWER. MADE WITH BUTTER, SOUR CREAM, CHIVES, CHEDDAR CHEESE AND BACON

A couple of weeks ago I brought you lovely people one of my favorite recipes for mashed cauliflower with celery root and talked about how cauliflower is the unsung hero of the low carb world. We use it for almost everything, don’t we? I know that I’ve personally roasted cauliflower with bacon and green onions as a side and have pureed it to add body to cream soups, like this sublime cream of celery soup. I’ve also seasoned it with exotic Indian spices as in this wonderful vegetable masala and this hearty beef curry. One of my favorite ways to enjoy cauliflower is as cauliflower fritters that I like to use under my poached eggs. Yum!

Even mainstream bloggers have discovered cauliflower and are making great cauliflower pizzas like this one from Kevin at Closet Cooking. And Lisa from Low Carb Yum uses cauliflower in some of her desserts – chocolate pudding anyone? Or how about this buttery cauliflower pilaf? You can see that cauliflower can be used for almost any dish. But you, my low carb friends, already know this. You’ve been cauliflower ninjas for years!

Low carb loaded cauliflower with sour cream, chives, cheddar cheese and bacon. Keto.

For me, sometimes it’s the more simple recipes that hit home – like this loaded cauliflower mash. It’s the ultimate in comfort food. If you were one who enjoyed ordering loaded potato skins at Friday’s after work or preferred a loaded baked potato with your steak, this recipe will take you back to the days. At least, it did me!

The trick to getting a fluffier cauli-mash is to steam instead of boiling. Then make sure to let it sit uncovered for a minute to release some moisture, and then drain well before putting it in the food processor. Lastly, add the ingredients that make it taste great – like sour cream, cheddar cheese, chives and bacon. That’s it.  Easy, cheesy and delicious.

Oh, and my kids couldn’t get enough. These are die hard mashed potato haters! Loaded cauliflower was a hit in their book and a win for me!

EACH SERVING OF THIS LOADED CAULIFLOWER MASH HAS 3 NET CARBS.

5.0 from 3 reviews
LOADED CAULIFLOWER (LOW CARB, KETO)
Author: lowcarbmaven.com
Nutrition Information
  • Serves: 6
  • Calories: 199
  • Fat: 17
  • Carbohydrates: 5
  • Fiber: 2
  • Protein: 8
Cook time:
Total time:
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This loaded cauliflower, made with butter, sour cream, chives, cheddar cheese and bacon, is the ultimate in low carb comfort food!</span>
INGREDIENTS
  • 1 pound cauliflower, florettes
  • 4 ounces sour cream
  • 1 cup grated cheddar cheese
  • 2 slices cooked bacon, crumbled
  • 2 tablespoons snipped chives
  • 3 tablespoons butter
  • ¼ teaspoon garlic powder
  • salt and pepper to taste
INSTRUCTIONS
  1. Cut the cauliflower into florettes and add them to a microwave safe bowl. Add 2 tablespoons of water and cover with cling film. Microwave for 5-8 minutes, depending on your microwave, until completely cooked and tender. Drain the excess water and let sit uncovered for a minute or two. (Alternately, steam your cauliflower the conventional way. You may need to squeeze a little water out of the cauliflower after cooking.)
  2. Add the cauliflower to a food processor and process until fluffy. Add the butter and sour cream and process until it resembles the consistency of mashes potatoes. Remove the mashed cauliflower to a bowl and add most of the chives, saving some to add to the top later. Add half of the cheddar cheese and mix by hand. Season with salt and pepper.
  3. Top the loaded cauliflower with the remaining cheese, remaining chives and bacon. Put back into the microwave to melt the cheese or place the cauliflower under the broiler for a few minutes.

Mashed Cauliflower with Celery Root

Mashed Cauliflower with Celery Root has a creamy texture and delicate flavor.

Low Carb Cauliflower Fritters

Basic Cauliflower Fritters are super easy and so versatile - the perfect base, snack or side | low carb, gluten-free, THM | lowcarbmaven.com

Roasted Cauliflower with Bacon and Green Onions

SOURCE: lowcarbmaven.com

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Sensory Processing Disorder And Autism Linked To Decreased White Matter Connectivity In The Brain

sensory processing disorder
Children with sensory processing disorders have decreased connections in specific brain regions, in some ways similar and in other ways distinct from those areas impacted by autism. 

When a child finds it difficult to process and act upon information received through the senses, this is called sensory processing disorder (SPD), a neurological condition which often leads to clumsiness, anxiety, depression, behavioral problems, and even learning issues. In a new study, researchers show how children with sensory processing disorders have decreased connections in specific regions of the brain, in some ways similar and in other ways distinct from the neurological areas impacted by autism. “This study is the first to investigate white matter connectivity of both children with SPD and children with [autism] relative to typically developing children,” note the authors.

More than 90 percent of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) demonstrate unusual sensory behaviors. A child with autism, for example, may over-respond to physical sensation, going so far as to find physical contact and even clothing to be unbearable. However, there are children with similar sensory behaviors, sometimes to a greater degree, who do not meet an ASD diagnosis. “With more than one percent of children in the U.S. diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder, and reports of five to 16 percent of children having sensory processing difficulties, it’s essential we define the neural underpinnings of these conditions, and identify the areas they overlap and where they are very distinct,” said Dr. Pratik Mukherjee, senior author and a professor of radiology and biomedical imaging at the University of California, San Francisco.

To explore these conditions, Mukherjee and his colleagues used an advanced brain scan known as diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which measures the microscopic movement of water molecules as a way to provide information about white matter tracts. White matter is essential for perceiving, thinking and action; it is the site of all the “wiring” that connects different areas of the brain. For the study, the researchers used DTI to examine white matter tracts in16 boys with SPD and 15 boys with autism and then compared the results with those of 23 typically developing boys. All of the boys were between the ages of 8 and 12.

What did the researchers discover? Compared to the typically developing group, both the SPD and autism groups showed decreased connectivity in multiple tracts in the back of the brain — areas that handle basic sensory information. However, only the kids with autism showed impairment in tracts critical to social-emotional processing. Meanwhile, kids with SPD showed less connectivity in areas of the brain which connect the auditory, visual and tactile systems involved in sensory processing.

Going forward, the researchers believe their work could be useful to those who work with children suffering from SPD. Measuring and keeping tabs on a child’s white matter, in a manner similar to how it was done in this study, might help therapists see whether a particular intervention is actually having an effect on brain connectivity.

Source: medicaldaily.com

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PEOPLE WITH A SEXUALLY ACTIVE LIFE MUST BE AWARE OF THIS SILENT KILLER

All things considered, we as a whole realize that having a sexual coexistence is not in the least a wrongdoing! Yet, (yes, there’s a BUT) having it with different men/ladies will lead you to a dangerous stage. Indeed, this implies all of you should know about the term HIV that ends the life of a man gradually and step by step. You even should know about the explanation behind the contamination, however you should not know about the means to keep the infection at an a safe distance. Simply investigate the article beneath and discover more about this!

  • Should know which body liquids convey HIV

In the first place, you ought to realize that any uninfected individual can get HIV on the off chance that he/she comes into the contact of any tainted individual through their rectal liquid, pre-fundamental liquid, bosom milk, blood, semen, and vaginal liquids.

  • Have legitimate test before approaching

Tragically, numerous individuals around the globe surmise that they are free from HIV be that as it may, you never know your accomplice is additionally free from the infection or not. Along these lines, it’s ideal to have HIV test before having intercourse. Particularly, then, when you are going to have sex with another accomplice.

  • Stay away from Sex with obscure accomplices

The specialists say that it’s generally better to have closeness with trusted and less accomplices as it diminishes the danger of dangerous infection.

  • Use securities while vaginal sex

Yes, and the specialists say that the most secure thing you can use to shield yourself from getting tainted with the infection is a latex female condom and a typical condom.

Maintain a strategic distance from unfaithful manufactured craftsmanships

This is what you have to know – dependably favor authorized craftsmen for a body improvements like piercings or tattoos as unapproved specialists may utilize debased gadgets that may contaminate you.

  • Utilize crisp needle and clean gear

Continuously utilize crisp needle and clean gear, and ensure the infusion that you are going to utilize is not utilized by any other individual before and it will be ideal on the off chance that it’s new one. What’s more, clean gear will decrease the danger of the infection.

  • Begin utilizing pills like Prophylaxis

Do you know what’s Prophylaxis? Indeed, this is the pill that is taken by the no-contaminated individual just to battle the infection if at any point it comes into contact. Furthermore, utilize the pill just if recommended by a specialist. We truly trust you discover this article supportive and keep in mind to impart it to your loved ones. Much obliged to You and have a decent one!

SOURCE: healthandfitnesslady.com

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VITALITY Oral Sex May Lead To Oral Cancer Via HPV Virus In Mouth, Throat

Oral cancer made big headlines in 2013 when actor Michael Douglas blamed his throat cancer on oral sex. The 72-year-old star said he contracted the human papilloma virus (HPV) through oral sex, which triggered his cancer. Douglas’ revelation stirred a debate about whether oral cancers, like throat cancer and mouth cancer, can be a sexually contracted disease.

More than 3,100 new cases of HPV-associated oral cancers are diagnosed in women and over 12,600 are diagnosed in men annually in the U.S. In fact, most adults are at risk of contracting HPV, and 80 percent of people will test positive for HPV infection within five years of becoming sexually active. The truth is, most of us have been infected, but few of us are affected.

There are over 100 strains of HPV, but roughly 15 are known as high-risk HPV types. It’s important to note that detecting the HPV virus in a sample of people who have oral cancer, doesn’t mean that HPV caused the cancer. Rather, the virus becomes part of the genetic material of the cancer cells, which triggers them to grow.

Typically, HPV found in the mouth is sexually transmitted, meaning oral sex is the most common way of contracting the disease. It’s not known how common HPV infection in the mouth is, but a recent reportreleased by the Canadian Cancer Society and Public Health Agency of Canada found rates of HPV mouth and throat cancers in males are increasing.

Mouth

Oral cancers caused by oral sex usually originate from HPV in the mouth.Photo courtesy of Pexels, Public Domain

A 2011 study in the Journal of Clinical Oncology found that the proportion of oral cancers related to HPV increased from 16.3 percent to 71.7 percent between 1984 and 2004. Previous data presented that same year at the American Association for the Advancement of Science annual meeting proposed HPV was overtaking tobacco as the leading cause of oral cancers in Americans under the age of 50.

Meanwhile, risk factors for oral cancers have been linked to sexual behavior, such as ever having oral sex, having oral sex with four or more people in your lifetime, and among men, first having sex at an earlier age (under 18). HPV is so common that nearly all sexually active men and women will get at least one type of HPV at some point in their lives.

“In most cases, the virus goes away and it does not lead to any health problems. There is no certain way to know which people infected with HPV will go on to develop cancer,” says the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

However, when cancer does occur and it’s detected early, patients have an 80 to 90 percent survival rate.

This is why early protection against HPV is advised. The CDC and the American Academy of Pediatricsrecommends both boys and girls get the HPV vaccine between the ages of 11 and 12. The vaccine is most effective if it’s administered before a child becomes sexually active.

HPV vaccines and practicing safe oral sex can help reduce the number of cases of HPV infection in women and men. This will make it less common in the general population, and minimizing the cases of HPV-related cancers in years to come.

SOURCE: medicaldaily.com

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People With Severe Personality Disorders Often Overprescribed Drugs By UK Psychiatrists

Psychiatrists in the UK are disregarding their clinical guidelines when it comes to treating their patients with personality disorders, according to new research published in The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Researchers surveyed 2,600 patients receiving psychiatric services for their diagnosed disorders, with more than two-thirds diagnosed with emotionally unstable personality disorder (EUPD). More commonly this disorder is referred to as borderline personality disorder (BPD). People with BPD experience “abrupt and extreme mood changes, stormy interpersonal relationships, an unstable and fluctuating image, as well as unpredictable and self-destructive actions,” Mental Health America (MHA) reported.

The results of the survey showed nearly every patient with EUPD was being treated with antidepressants or antipsychotics, which is “largely outside the licensed indications,” researchers said. Dr. Joel Paris provided commentary on the study; he explained drugs are so frequently prescribed because they require less time to work than therapy. As he noted:

… as reviewed in the [National Institute for Health and Care Excellence] guidelines, this approach is not particularly effective. That is why psychiatrists prescribe drugs outside of licensed indications. Faced with desperate patients, and with limited access to specialized psychotherapy, they do what they know how to do — they prescribe.

While treatment certainly varies, Paris believes “specialized treatments, such as dialectal behavior therapy and metallization-based treatment” more effectively treat patients with personality disorders. According to the MHA, therapy helps patients focus on what causes their symptoms, allowing patients to become more flexible. Therapy can also help patients reduce the behaviors interfering with their daily life.

“The current situation, in which patients with severe personality disorders receive almost routine polpharmacy is unsatisfactory,” Paris said. “The only way this situation can change is to make specialized psychotherapy more readily available. If it were, then psychiatrists would be slower to reach for their prescription pad and more likely to make referrals for psychological treatment.”

The Royal College of Psychiatrists found about one in 20 people living in the UK will live with a personality disorder. In the United States, the National Institute of Mental Health at the National Institutes of Health According reported about 1.6 percent of adults is diagnosed with EUPD or BPD each year. Regardless of location, disorders typically begin during adolescence or early adulthood, though some studies suggest symptoms can occur as early as childhood.

dna-helix

First Gene Therapy For Rett Syndrome, An Autism Spectrum Disorder, Developed In Oregon: What’s The Next Step For This Medical Breakthrough?

Scientists in Oregon have developed a new gene therapy for Rett Syndrome, the most disabling of the autism spectrum disorders. Field-tested in mice, it is the first therapy to reverse the course of the disorder in a fully symptomatic model, which represents an important step towards clinical application.

Nearly one in 10,000 kids are born each year with Rett syndrome. Neurological and behavioral features, like loss of speech, immobility, and seizures, typically appear after six months of age. The most frequent cause is the mutation of an X chromosome gene called MECP2, which explains why girls are primarily affected by the condition.

“Gene therapy is well suited for this disorder,” explained lead author Dr. Gail Mandel, a Howard Hughes investigator at Oregon Health and Sciences University. “Because MECP2 binds to DNA throughout the genome, there is no single gene currently that we can point to and target with a drug. Therefore the best chance of having a major impact on the disorder is to correct the underlying defect in as many cells throughout the body as possible. Gene therapy allows us to do that.”

In 2007, co-author and British geneticist Adrian Bird discovered that fixing these MECP2 mutations could relieve Rett symptoms in mice, but the genetic trick that he used in his investigation could not be applied to humans.

In the current study, healthy genes were delivered to mutant mice with a microbe called an adeno-associated virus. This virus, which is not harmful to people, has corrected genetic errors in over 100 clinical trials of human disease.

The researchers used a special verision of adeno-associated virus – designated “AAV9” – that has the unique property of being able to penetrate the nervous system’s protective coating called the blood brain barrier. Failing to cross the blood brain barrier is the major impediment for most drugs that flop during the early and late stages of clinical development.

Delivering the corrective genetic material with AAV9 to ailing mice improved motor function, tremors, and seizure. This was witnessed despite the fact that only a few cells received the remedy.

“We learned a critical and encouraging point with these experiments – that we don’t have to correct every cell in order to reverse symptoms. Going from 50% to 65% of the cells having a functioning gene resulted in significant improvements,” said co-author Saurabh Garg. Abnormal respiration was one symptom that was not fixed by the gene therapy, which the authors attributed to lower delivery in the brainstem.

The researchers will work towards enhancing the therapy’s distribution, by slightly tweaking the carrier virus, before they attempt clinical trials in humans.

“Gene therapy has had a tumultuous road in the past few decades but is undergoing a renaissance due to recent technological advances. Europe and Asia have gene therapy treatments already in the clinic and it’s likely that the US will follow suit,” said Monica Coenraads, Executive Director of the Rett Syndrome Research Trust and mother of a teenaged daughter with the disorder. “I congratulate the Mandel and Bird labs on today’s publication, which is the third to be generated from the MECP2 Consortium in a short period of time.”

SOURCE: medicaldaily.com

gyroglove

GyroGlove’ Helps Ease Hand Tremors In Patients With Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects movement; its most recognizable symptom is trembling hands. These tremors can make everyday activities like holding a glass of water or writing incredibly difficult. And while there are some potential treatment methods on the horizon, a new device might soon help Parkinson’s patients lead a more normal life.

The GyroGlove, developed by London medical student Faii Ong, has the potential to help Parkinson’s patients manage their tremors. Ong first had the idea to create the glove as a medical student when, while treating a 103-year-old Parkinson’s patient, he found it was difficult for her to eat soup. With nothing to ease her tremors, he built the GyroGlove, which uses the physics of mechanical gyroscopes to reduce trembling.

According to notes Ong provided to Medical Daily, the gyroscopes “are basically tops, or spinning discs. Like tops that try to stay upright, gyroscopes similarly seek to remain in the same position by conserving angular momentum. Thus, these gyroscopes instantaneously and proportionally resist hand movement.” When the gyroscopes are activated, Ong said, they make the trembling hand feel like it’s moving through syrup — the tremors are smoothed and damped, giving the hand full control.

The team at GyroGear tested out the glove on a wooden hand attached to a motorized rig that made it shake similarly to the way a Parkinson’s patient’s hand would tremble. Their first tests showed a nearly 90 percent reduction in the tremors caused by their rig. Further testing is now being conducted on patients with Parkinson’s and essential tremors — a nervous system disorder that causes rhythmic shaking in the hands.

The glove will help Parkinson’s patients lead more normal lives, according to Dr. Alison H. McGregor, a professor of musculoskeletal biodynamics and director of educational strategy and quality at the Imperial College London. “Being able to control or manage the tremor associated with Parkinson’s can make a range of daily tasks we all take for granted achievable from writing a letter [and] putting a key in the door to dressing and feeding yourself,” she told Medical Daily in an email.

Seeing it as a useful accessory for people with Parkinson’s, Sarah Webb, founder of the South London Younger Parkinson’s Network, praised its ease of use and the fact there are no side effects. “We can see results immediately,” she told Medical Daily. With an estimated 10 million people worldwide affected by Parkinson’s and another 200 million people suffering from essential tremors, ease of use and portability is essential to getting people’s lives back on track.

Still in its prototype stage, the glove will need to cater to more patients than just those with persistent tremors, Helen Matthews, COO of The Cure Parkinson’s Trust, told Medical Daily. “ Every person’s Parkinson’s is different, so what suits one person may not suit another,” she said. “One person may have persistent tremor, another sporadic events of tremor, so understanding the needs of each person and each potential customer is key in a project of this kind. ”

With more research, the glove may one day help patients with all types of needs. Ong and the rest of the GyroGear team hope to launch a crowdfunding campaign later this year, with a final product launch sometime in 2017.

SOURCE: medicaldaily.com

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Air Pollution Increases Preeclampsia Risk in Pregnant Women

Preeclampsia is one of the world’s most dangerous pregnancy-related conditions, but it may have just gotten a little easier to diagnose thanks to a new, simple test.

Researchers from The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and Nationwide Children’s Hospitalhave developed a rapid test to diagnose preeclampsia, which would be both affordable and non-invasive. The test is a “red dye-on paper” variety, and has been piloted in a clinical study with an accuracy rate of 86 percent. Named Congo Red Dot, the test was developed to reduce morbidity among expecting mothers and their unborn children.

Preeclampsia is estimated to affect 5 to 8 percent of pregnancies worldwide, and is responsible for about 18 percent of maternal deaths in the U.S. Hallmarked by high blood pressure and protein in the urine, the condition is the number one reason clinicians decide to deliver infants prematurely. Premature birth is a concern, in turn, because it increases the risk of learning disabilities and cerebral palsy. Preeclampsia can also lead to eclampsia, which causes 13 percent of maternal deaths globally, and can cause maternal and infant illnesses like seizure and coma. Experts have described preeclampsia as mysterious due to doctors’ difficulty diagnosing it.

Dr. Kara Rood, first author of the project detailing the new preeclampsia test, presented the findings at the Society of Maternal-Fetal Medicine’s annual pregnancy meeting in Atlanta.

“This is the first clinical study using the point-of-care, paper-based Congo Red Dot diagnostic test, and the mechanism proved superior in establishing or ruling out a diagnosis of preeclampsia,” Rood said in apress release. “Our findings will have a huge impact on the health of women and children.”

For the study, the researchers enrolled 346 pregnant women to take the CRD urine test. Trained nurses analyzed the results, and administered additional biochemical tests for preeclampsia. Eighty-nine percent of the women met the clinical diagnosis of preeclampsia, and 79 percent of the women had a medically-indicated preterm birth for preeclampsia, at an average delivery time of 33 weeks gestation. The test, with its 86 percent accuracy rate, proved itself as a simple, “sample in/answer out” clinical tool, according to Rood.

A few years ago, Dr. Irina A. Buhimschi, director of the Center for Perinatal Research in The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s, led a team to discover preeclampsia may result from improperly folded proteins. They studied the urine of pregnant women with preeclampsia, and characterized the range of misfolded proteins to allow the creation of the CRD test. Initial results were published in 2014.

“This new point-of-care test is a more user-friendly version than the one in this publication, and can help identify preeclampsia even before clinical symptoms appear,” Buhimschi said.

Source: Rood K, Buhimschi C, Dible T, Webster S, Zhao G, Samuels P, et al. Point-of-care congo red dot (CRD) test for antenatal triage and rapid identification of preeclampsia (PE). American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2016.

SOURCE: medicaldaily.com

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Beyond ADHD And Dyslexia: 5 Common Learning And Attention Issues

If your child is struggling with attention, reading, math, writing or coordination, it could be due to a learning or attention issue. Here’s a quick overview of five common learning and attention issues.

1. Dysgraphia: Trouble With Writing

Dysgraphia affects writing skills. Kids with dysgraphia may have messy handwriting and may struggle to hold a pencil, draw or form letters. But this learning issue can affect a wide range of writing challenges. Kids with dysgraphia may also struggle to organize their thoughts and express them using proper sentence structure.

Dysgraphia isn’t related to how intelligent a child is. It’s a brain-based issue that can affect kids’ ability to put thoughts down on paper. See the steps to take if you’re concerned your child might have dysgraphia.

2. Dyspraxia: Trouble With Motor Skills

Dyspraxia causes trouble with planning and coordinating physical movement. It can affect things like fine motor skills (using the small muscles in the hands and forearms), gross motor skills (using the large muscles in the arms, legs and torso), balance, coordination and movement involved with speaking.

Dyspraxia isn’t a sign of muscle weakness or of low intelligence. It’s also more common than you may think. As many as 10 percent of kids may have some symptoms of dyspraxia, such as trouble with grasping a pencil or working buttons and snaps, or struggling with games that require hand-eye coordination. Learn what to do if you think your child might have dyspraxia.

3. Dyscalculia: Trouble With Math

Dyscalculia is sometimes called “mathematics learning disability.” You may even hear it referred to as “math dyslexia.” Dyscalculia causes ongoing trouble understanding and working with numbers and math concepts. But dyscalculia can be missed in the early years because kids learn many basic math skills through memorization.

Although many kids (and adults) have anxiety about math, dyscalculia is not the same thing as math anxiety. Researchers know less about dyscalculia than they do about other learning issues. But they’re looking more at the causes of dyscalculia and ways to help. Find out what to do if you’re concerned your child might have dyscalculia.

4. ADHD: Trouble With Focus and Hyperactivity

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects about 9 to 10 percent of kidsbetween ages 3 and 17 in the United States. ADHD can make it hard for kids to sit still, concentrate, focus and control impulses and emotions. This isn’t because kids with ADHD are lazy—it’s because they have a brain-based medical condition. While the exact cause of ADHD isn’t known, research shows that genetics and differences in brain development and in how the brain processes neurotransmitters (brain chemicals) play a role.

If you think your child is showing signs of ADHD, find out what to do next.

5. Dyslexia: Trouble With Reading

Dyslexia is the most recognized and best-researched learning issue. It’s what’s known as a “language-based learning disability” and is sometimes referred to as a “reading disability.” Dyslexia can cause trouble with reading in a number of ways—including trouble with sounding out words, rhyming or understanding a text. But dyslexia can affect more than reading skills. It can make writing, spelling, speaking and even socializing difficult.

It’s important to know that dyslexia isn’t caused by low intelligence or poor vision. It’s a common issue that affects the way the brain processes written and spoken language. Find out what to do if you’re concerned your child might have dyslexia.

SOURCE: huffingtonpost.com